• Armand Pierre Fernandez was born in 1928 in Nice, France. He is known as one of the most important international object artists and a co-founder and member of the Nouveau Réalisme. Arman is a painter who moved from using the objects as paintbrushes (“allures d’objet”) to using them as the painting itself. He is best known for his “accumulations” and destruction/recomposition of objects. From his father, Arman learned oil painting and photography. After receiving his bachelor’s degree in philosophy and mathematics in 1946, Arman began studying at the Ecole Nationale d’Art Decoratif in Nice.

    Completing his studies in 1949,
    Arman enrolled as a student at the École du Louvre in Paris, where he concentrated on the study of archaeology and oriental art.
    Early in the development of his career, it was apparent that Arman’s concept of the accumulation of vast quantities of the same objects was to remain a significant component of his art. Ironically, Arman had originally focused more attention on his abstract paintings, considering them to be of more consequence than his early accumulations of postage stamps. Only when he witnessed viewer reaction to his first accumulation in 1959 did he fully recognize the power of such art. In 1962,
    he began welding together accumulations of the same kinds of metal objects, such as axes.

    From 1959-1962 Arman developed his most recognizable style, beginning with his two most renowned concepts: “Accumulation” and “Poubelle”. Accumulations were collections of common and identical objects which he arranged in polyester castings or within Plexiglas cases. His first welded accumulations were created in 1962.

    In 1961, Arman made his debut in the United States, the country which was to become his home. During this period, Arman explored creation via destruction.
    The “Coupes” and the “Colères” featured sliced, burned or smashed objects arranged on canvas, often using objects with a strong “identity” such as music instruments or bronze statues.

    Together with Klein, Tinguely, Raysse and César, Arman is one of the most important artists of the Nouveau Réalisme.

    Arman passed away in October 2005.