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    Born 2 April 1891 and died the 1 April 1976, he was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet.

    A prolific artist, Ernst is considered to be one of the primary pioneers of the Dada movement and Surrealism.

    Ernst was born in Brühl, Germany, near Cologne. In 1909, he enrolled in the University at Bonn to study philosophy but soon abandoned the courses. He began painting that year, but never received any formal artistic training. During World War I he served in the German army, which was a momentous interruption in his career as an artist.

    He stated in his autobiography, “Max Ernst died the 1st of August, 1914.”